An anti-inflammatory diet is one that maintains the inflammatory response in the zone: not too low, but not too high. To reach that Zone requires reaching these metabolic goals simultaneously.
The first goal is the stabilization of blood glucose levels. This is accomplished by maintaining a constant balance of low-fat protein to the glycemic load at each meal using the least amount of calories. Correctly achieved, this will result in the stabilization of insulin for approximately five hours after a meal as indicated by a lack of hunger or fatigue. This is the foundation of the anti-inflammatory Zone Diet.
The second goal of an anti-inflammatory diet is to ensure that the fat content of the diet is low in both omega-6 and saturated fats as they can activate pro-inflammatory responses. Most of the dietary fat should come from monounsaturated fatty acids.
The third goal of an anti-inflammatory diet is to provide adequate levels of fermentable fiber (i.e. prebiotics) necessary to maintain optimal gut health to reduce metabolic endotoxemia that can also increase inflammation.